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Personality theory, moral development, and criminal behavior

  • 500 Pages
  • 1.16 MB
  • 1533 Downloads
  • English

Lexington Books , Lexington, Mass
Criminology., Personality., Moral development., Criminal psychology., Interdisciplinary approach to knowl
Statementedited by William S. Laufer, James M. Day.
ContributionsLaufer, William S., Day, James M., 1955-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHV6211 .P47 1983
The Physical Object
Paginationxviii, 500 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3506475M
ISBN 100669055565
LC Control Number82047684

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NCJ Number: Title: PersonalityTheory, Moral Development, and Criminal Behavior.

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Editor(s): WS Laufer; JM Day. Sale: Lexington Personality theory Third Avenue New York, NY From inside the book. Personality Theory, Moral Development, and Criminal Behavior William S. Laufer, James M.

Day Snippet view - Common terms and phrases. Personality Theory, Moral Development, and Criminal Behavior Lexington books: Editors: William S. Laufer, James M. Day. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xviii, pages: illustrations ; 24 cm: Responsibility: edited by William S.

Laufer, James M. Day. Topics include the evolution of crime, theoretical foundations, defining the criminal personality type, attachment in early childhood, moral development in middle-late childhood, morality and the criminal triad, identity formation in adolescence, criminal beginnings, and intervention strategies.

Details Personality theory, moral development, and criminal behavior EPUB

Personality Theory, Moral Development and Criminal Behaviour at - ISBN - ISBN - Lexington Books - - Hardcover. Moral immaturity, defined as moral development halted at its early stages with a concomitant lack of perspective taking (beyond one’s own egocentrism), has been identified in the moral development research as one of the culprits of aggressive and criminal behaviour by facilitating disregard for law, moral principles and social codes of conduct.

personality disorder accounts for most of the relationship between offending and personality disorder but throws up some interesting associations with personality disorders, including from clusters A and C.

The authors speculate about why some of these relationships. This essay attempts a theoretical and methodological critique of the cognitive-developmental perspective of moral development and the link of moral development theory to moral behavior.

Evidence is reviewed regarding two main assumptions of the cognitive-developmental perspective, the stage unity assumption and the stage sequence invariance. These theories conclude that there is a correlation between the formation of personality in childhood and future criminal behavior.

Freudian theory of development, suggesting that we go through several stages of development; these phases are motivated by his sexual desires. His theory outlines six stages of moral development within three different levels. In recent years, Kohlberg's theory has been criticized as being Western-centric with a bias toward men (he primarily used male research subjects) and with having a narrow worldview based on upper-middle-class value systems and perspectives.

Differential association-reinforcement theory suggests that a. persistence of criminal behavior depends on whether or not it is rewarded or punished.

the most meaningful rewards and punishments are those given by groups that are important in an individual's life. both a and b d. none of the above. The first psychological theory to address questions of criminality was Freud's psychoanalytic theory, which contends that human behavior is motivated by inner forces, memories, and conflicts.

Freud suggested that humans go through a process of psychosexual development from birth to adulthood, and that humans must successfully complete these. In providing a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the relationship between psychology, moral-reasoning theory, and offending behavior, this book reviews the theory and research that has been conducted in the field and examines the ways in which this knowledge has been used in practice to develop treatment programs for offenders.

Lawrence Kohlberg () agreed with Piaget's () theory of moral development in principle but wanted to develop his ideas further. He used Piaget’s storytelling technique to tell people stories involving moral dilemmas. In each case, he presented a choice to be considered, for example, between the rights of some authority and the needs of some deserving individual who is being unfairly.

Personality, Criminal Behavior, and Risk Assessment Shelley Johnson Listwan, Patricia Van Voorhis, and Phillip Neil Ritchey Criminal Justice and Behavior 1, Traditional theories of crime and delinquency have often failed to distinguish among different phases of criminal careers.

They tend to ignore developmental changes that occur across a person's life course, changes that coincide with and can explain the causes and patterns of criminal behavior. This book features new theories of moral functioning that range across several psychological literatures, including social cognition, cognitive science, and personality development.

Examining the social-relational, communitarian, and cultural aspects of moral self-identity, it provides a comprehensive account of moral personality. Explanation of Juvenile Delinquency - The Integration of Moral-Reasoning Theory and Sociological Knowledge (From Personality Theory, Moral Developments and Criminal Behavior, P, William S Laufer and James M Day, ed.

Description Personality theory, moral development, and criminal behavior FB2

Another pioneer of cognitive theory is Lawrence Kohlberg (–), who applied the concept of moral development to criminological theory. Kohlberg () believed that individuals pass through stages of moral development. Most important to his theory is the notion that there are levels, stages, and social orientation.

This article reviews the literature on theories of moral development, adolescent changes in moral reasoning and related behaviors, moral emotions (empathy, guilt.

Moral reasoning and development have been the focus of considerable research in the past two decades, stimulated primarily by Kohlberg’s formulation of the stages of moral development. Studies of juvenile delinquents have indicated that youthful offenders are at lower developmental stages of moral reasoning than their nondeliquent counterparts.

personality disorder (APD) and psychopathy, of which criminal behavior is a prominent criminal behavior. Specifically, the theory as well as the supporting empirical evidence from lesion, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging findings of would result in disrupted moral development and the continuation of using aggressive.

criminal behavior. • List and describe the three dimensions associated with Hans Eysenck’s theory of crime and personality. • Identify some of the key distinctions of the various stages of moral development. • Describe some of the essential features of attachment theory.

• Identify some of the main issues concerning the. A Different View: Ego Psychologies and Projective Methods. Adult Development as Seen through the Personal Interview. A Five-Factor Theory of Personality.

The Influences of Personality on the Life. DEFINING THE CRIMINAL PERSONALITY TYPE Diagnosing the Criminal Personality Yochelson and Samenow Hans Eysenck DSM-IV 6.

ATTACHMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Neuro-Cognitive Organization Temperament Parenting Style Attachment Patterns and Criminality Attachment and the Criminal Triad 7. MORAL DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE-LATE CHILDHOOD Freud, Erikson, and. Moral development refers to the growth of the individual’s ability to distinguish right and wrong and to develop a system of ethical attitudes and values.

It is generally recognized today that moral development is studied from three leading theoretical perspectives: social-learning theory, psychoanalytic theory, and cognitive developmental. Moral-Development Theory and Practice of Youthful and Adult Offenders.

In W. Laufer and J. Day (Eds.), Personality Theory, Moral Development, and Criminal Behavior. Moral development focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood.

Morality develops across a lifetime and is influenced by an individual's experiences and their behavior when faced with moral issues through different periods' physical and cognitive development.

For instance Kohlberg explains different stages of behavior development starting with Preconventional level, conventional level then lastly the Postconventional level. Evidence for moral reasoning are provided using two theories; Eysenck personality theory where offending is considered to be normal and pleasurable to the offenders.

involvement in substance abuse and criminal conduct. • To provide an overview of adolescent problem behavior—its characteristics and prevalence. • To present correlates of adolescent problem behav-ior such as parental influence and identification with the deviant subculture.

• To describe the interactions of personality, behavior.Psychotherapy and counseling to treat personality disorder 2. Behavior modification strategies, such as electric shock and other negative impulses, to change learning behavior 3. Counseling to enhance moral development 4.

Intensive individual and group therapy Social Structure Theory Major Premise Crime is the result of underlying social.Moral and Intellectual Development theory (Psych Trait [Cognitive]) People travel through stages of moral development during which their decisions and judgments on issues of right and wrong are made for different reasons; criminal offenders are most likely to be classified in the lowest levels of criminal .